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There are three main groups of oils-animal, vegetable and mineral. Great quantities of animal oil come from whales, those enormous creatures of the sea, which are the largest of the animals remaining in the world. To protect the whales from the cold of the Arctic seas, nature has provided them with a thick covering of fat, called blubber. 

When the whale is killed, the blubber is stripped off and boiled down. It produces a great quantity of oil which can be made into food for human consumption. A few other creatures yield oil, but none so much as the whale. The livers of the cod and halibut, two kinds of fish, yield nourishing oil. Both cod liver oil and halibut oil are given to sick children and other invalids who need certain vitamins. 

Vegetable oil has been known from very old times. No household can get on without it, for it is used in cooking. Perfumes may be made from the oils of certain flowers. Soaps are made from vegetable and animal product and the oils of certain flowers.

Q (i) The main source of animal oil is____.
(a) whale (b) sea weeds (c) fish (d) plant
Q (ii) Vegetable oil is mainly used for______.
(a) Cooking (b) Making perfumes (c) Making soap (d) Making lubricants
Q (iii) The ……. of fish yields nourishing oil.
(a) stomach (b) eyes (c) liver (d) head
Q (iv) The thick protective covering of fat on a whale is called a
(a) cells (b) blubber (c) skin (d) Fins
Q (v) Write the noun form of the word ‘protect’ is _.
(a) protected (b) proactive (c) protectable (d) protection


An old shepherd was playing on a flute on the marshlands outside Rome. He played so sweetly that a lovely fairy came and listened to him. “Will you marry me, and play to me in my castle?” she said. “Yes, yes, lovely lady!” said the shepherd. The fairy put a ring on his finger. 

At once he became a handsome young man dressed in princely robes. “But I must first go to Rome and bid farewell to my friends”, he said. The fairy gave him a golden coach with twelve white horses. As he rode in State to Rome, he met the young Queen of Italy, who invited him to her palace. 

The shepherd saw that he had won the Queen’s heart. He resolved to marry her and become the King of Italy and let the fairy go. So, when he and the Queen were alone together, he knelt down and took her hand, saying: “Marry me, dearest and I will help you to govern Italy.” But as soon as he spoke, he turned into an old and rugged shepherd. “What is this horrible beggar doing here?” cried the Queen. “Whip him out of the palace.”

Q (i) The fairy wanted to marry the shepherd because
(a) he had saved her life. (b) he could play sweetly on his flute.
(c) he was very handsome. (d) the shepherd loved her.
Q (ii) When the fairy put a ring on his finger, the shepherd_______.
(a) married her (b) disappeared
(c) turned into a statue (d) changed into a handsome youth
Q (iii) The shepherd went to Rome in a __.
(a) boat (b) cart (c) palanquin (d) coacH
Q (iv) When the shepherd reached Rome, he

(a) met his friends there. (b) sought his parents’ permission to marry the fairy.
(c) planned to marry the Queen of Italy. (d) met the King of Italy.
Q (v) The Queen ordered the shepherd to be whipped out of the palace because he
(a) turned old and ugly. (b) tried to steal her jewels.
(c) refused to marry her. (d) revealed his plan to marry the fairy.

Hello! My name is Akash Sahu. My website provides valuable information for both Hindi and English medium students who are seeking knowledge. I have completed my graduation in Pharmacy and have been teaching for over 5 years now.

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